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Understanding Section 515 of the Local Government Code in Barangay Disputes

Updated: Jun 16, 2023


In the Philippines, the Local Government Code holds great significance in promoting peaceful conflict resolution at the barangay level. Discover the legal implications of refusing to appear before the Lupon or Pangkat (barangay dispute resolution bodies) as mandated by Section 515. Let's explore Section 515 and its implications in detail.

What is Section 515?

Section 515 of the Local Government Code focuses on the refusal or willful failure to appear before the Lupon or Pangkat in response to a summons issued for the Katarungang Pambarangay process. Violators may face charges of indirect contempt of court, as empowered by the city or municipal court.

Legal Consequences

man in prison for refusing to appear at barangay

Failure to appear can have several legal implications:

  1. Contempt of Court: Refusing to appear may be deemed as contempt of court, similar to disobeying a court order. Penalties or other legal consequences may follow.

  2. Bar on Judicial Recourse: Complainants who fail to appear before the Lupon or Pangkat may be barred from seeking judicial recourse for the same cause of action. This means they cannot escalate the dispute to a higher court.

  3. Bar on Counterclaims: Respondents who refuse to appear may be restricted from filing any counterclaims related to the original complaint. This limits their ability to raise additional claims connected to the dispute.

Importance of Compliance:

Compliance with Section 515 is crucial to ensure the effectiveness of the Katarungang Pambarangay process and the overall objective of resolving disputes at the barangay level. Active participation in the Lupon or Pangkat proceedings allows parties to work towards a fair resolution.

Resolving Disputes at the Barangay Level

Barangays serve as the initial avenue for dispute resolution in the Philippines. The Katarungang Pambarangay system provides an accessible and affordable platform for settling conflicts within the community. It promotes amicable resolutions and contributes to reducing court backlogs.

Seeking Legal Assistance

If you have received a summons from the Lupon or Pangkat or are involved in a barangay dispute, seeking guidance from a legal professional is advisable. Lawyers specializing in local government law can provide assistance, clarifying the specific provisions of the Local Government Code and guiding you through the dispute resolution process.


Section 515 of the Local Government Code underscores the importance of appearing before the Lupon or Pangkat when summoned for a barangay dispute. Adhering to this provision enables individuals to contribute to efficient and fair conflict resolution at the grassroots level. Barangay disputes can be complex, but you don't have to face them alone. Lawyers Online PH, as a referral service, is dedicated to linking you with skilled legal professionals who will provide expert guidance and support throughout the resolution process. Trust us to connect you with the right lawyer who will protect your rights and work towards a fair and just resolution.

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